Chilean nationality most valuable in Latin America and Caribbean

26 April 2018

Henley & Partners have released their third edition of the Kochenov Quality of Nationality Index. The index reveals the most desirable countries around the world to live in based on a number of criteria, including both internal and external factors. In Latin America and the Caribbean, Chile took the first spot, followed closely by Argentina and Brazil. 

The Quality of Nationality Index combines both the internal and external values of nationality. The internal characteristics of nationality lie in the quality of life that one has in their country of origin and opportunities for personal growth within the country. Within this bracket of internal factors are human development, economic strength as well as the peace and stability of the country.

External values comprise of the diversity and quality of opportunities that one’s nationality allows a citizen to pursue outside their country of origin. These include destinations for visa-free entry, travel restrictions and second country settlement freedoms. Accordingly, the residency and citizenship planning consulting firm Henley & Partners then compiles the data to include both internal and external factors and give a ranking of countries.Chile, Argentina & Brazil ranked in Kochenov Quality of Nationality Index

In Latin America and the Caribbean, the most valuable nationality to hold is Chilean, with the country ranked at number 34 with a score of 53.7%. Argentina (36th) and Brazil (37th) trailed behind Chile with scores of 52.3% and 52.1% respectively. Chile has been gradually moving up the index in the past few years. The Andean nation has had an increase in results since the beginning of the index in 2011 when it scored 48.3%. The one category where Chile fell short was that of ‘settlement freedom’. 

Settlement freedom

Chile’s settlement freedom options came in behind that of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Although the four South American countries scored behind Chile in the overall ranking, they all have greater options for settlement outside of their own country. The QNI looks at two criteria to come to this conclusion; the number of different countries where their citizens can settle and the value of being able to settle there. 

Chile, Argentina & Brazil ranked in QNI Settlement Freedoms

The second value set is derived from the index’s Human Development and Economic Strength section wherein the receiving country is ranked. For instance, whilst a Chilean national could choose to live in either France or Syria, the benefits of settling in France far outweigh those of relocating to the latter. Chile’s options to settle and work visa-free are mildly more limited than some of its Southern American peers. 

The other external factor which was taken into account was visa-free travel. Chile managed to take the top spot in Latin America with 161 countries allowing Chileans to travel visa-free. The country ranked joint number 16th worldwide with Hong Kong and was followed by Brazil and Argentina with 160 and 158 visa-free destinations respectively.

On the other end of the spectrum were Suriname at 100, Guyana (98th), Belize (94th) and Bolivia (88th) which all fell into the medium quality category. Venezuela ranked only one spot below Colombia at 62, and Mexico (52nd) took top spot for Central America with score of 43.7%.

Overview of Latin America in QNI 2018

About the index

The index itself is the result of a successful partnership between Henley & Partners and Dimitry Kochenov, a leading constitutional law professor with a long-standing interest in European and comparative citizenship law. It is the first index of its kind to objectively rank the quality of nationalities and citizenship globally, with data input from leading international institutions and experts including the World Bank, the UN and the International Air Transport Association. The firm utilize this information to help individuals and families become more mobile as a direct response to globalization with their residence and citizenship programs.

Christian H. Kälin, co-creator of the QNI and Group Chairman of Henley & Partners, said the Index is useful for individuals to understand the value of their citizenship and the benefits of relocating for citizenship. He also noted on how the information could be used for governments to understand their citizenship challenges and to improve the local, regional, and global reach of the nationalities they provide. “It is clear that our nationalities have a direct impact on our opportunities and on our freedom to travel, do business, and live longer, healthier, and more rewarding lives,” Kälin says. 

“The reality that the QNI describes is, in many respects, regrettable: in the majority of circumstances, our nationality plays an important role in establishing a highly irrational ceiling for our opportunities and aspirations. An exception to the rule is the expansive freedom of movement and settlement enjoyed by nationals of France, the Netherlands, and Finland, among others.

“These are the most globally integrated citizenships in the world, turning the national borders of roughly one quarter of the world’s states into myths for their holders and liberating their citizens from imaginary geographical limitations. For the many individuals who do not automatically enjoy such boundless levels of access and mobility, residence and citizenship programs provide an alternative path to freedom. The appeal of this option is growing each year.”

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Brazilian airline Gol teams up with KLM-BCG partnership

15 April 2019

As part of its strategy to digitize its internal operations, Brazilian airline Gol has teamed up with Dutch national carrier KLM and management consulting firm Boston Consulting Group (BCG).

In June last year, KLM and BCG revealed that they had developed an offering that helps airlines leverage technology to streamline their operations “in an unprecedented manner”. The two companies have been working together for over a decade now across KLM’s business, in recent years also focusing on enhancing internal operations through emerging technologies.

Among the projects deployed successfully to date are using internet of things (IoT) and artificial intelligence (AI) to improve Maintenance Repair & Overhaul (MRO) delivery, utilizing digitization to bolster back-office processes (crew resourcing, ground services, supply chain, etc) and using AI to optimize inter-airline network planning with Sky Team partners such as Air France (Frane), Aeroflot (Russia), Delta (US) and Middle East Airlines (Lebanon). 

Flyers, meanwhile, are reaping the benefits of this back-office digitization. Baggage delays – which often have a domino effect and create major headaches for thousands of passengers – have been reduced, flight transfer routing has been optimized for cross-border passengers and information provided has been personalized and tailored to individual customer experience journeys using digital channels. 

Having deployed the offering – branded as ‘Digital Airline Operations’ – successfully within KLM, the airline and consulting firm last year formally launched their offering externally. “Sinds doing so at the IATA-conference we have received positive reactions on our proposition from all corners of the globe,” said René de Groot, chief operating officer at the Dutch carrier company.Brazilian airline Gol teams up with KLM-BCG partnership

Brazil’s Gol has now become the first Latin American client of KLM and BCG’s joint venture. Commenting on the decision, Gol chief operating officer Celso Ferrer said, “We are delighted that we can work together on ‘Digital Airline Operations’. This will allow us to improve our on time delivery to our customers, while keeping our cost per available seat mile among the lowest in the industry. KLM and BCG have developed solutions in the field of advanced artificial intelligence and optimization that we can adjust entirely to meet our specifics. All in all, it will enable Gol to develop a strong competitive advantage.” 

With a fleet size of around 130, Gol is Brazil’s largest international airline, ahead of local rival Azul, and one of South America’s largest players. The airline carries more than 33 million passengers annually and operates 750 flights daily to 73 destinations in Brazil and in South America, the Caribbean and the United States. In comparison, KLM has a fleet size of around 160 aircraft, carrying more than 40 million passengers. The firm is however part of the Air France-KLM Group, which has a total fleet size of over 500 aircraft. 

“Based on artificial intelligence, machine learning and advanced analytics, we help airlines grow, accelerate innovation and streamline operations,” said Nicolas Boutin, head of the global Airline practice of Boston Consulting Group. 

Asked how the KLM-BCG offering differentiates itself from the many digital-led solutions in the marketplace, Dirk-Maarten Molenaar, a partner at BCG said: “We distinguish ourselves from standard IT suppliers by our focus on integrated planning & management, data-driven decision-making in the event of disruptions, the use of our tools by frontline teams and the development of internal digital functions to help improve services.”

Related: KLM partners with BCG to bring artificial intelligence to the skies.